The fabric is a piece of fabric or vegetable matter braided usually rectangular. We call wax fabrics the printed fabrics used particularly in West Africa. The processing technique is inspired by Batiks Javanese, made with hydrophobic waxes (Wax means “wax”). The production of wax fabrics was first done by hand. In order to improve performance, manufacturers moved quickly towards the use of machines. The most complex action is to glue the hot wax and fluid into the cotton fabric that must be completely covered, on both sides, to protect the colors and maintain the shine of the dyes, with the same quality. The first fabrics of this style were manufactured by Ghanse mercenaries working in Indonesia for the British and Dutch. The creation and fabric of these fabrics gave rise to a true local and outdoor industry.
In Benin, there was for the first time the Dahomeana Textile Sacadeline Society (SODATEX), which was renamed the Benin Textiles Company (SOBETEX). It produces three qualities: wax also called chigan, of quality comparable to Dutch wax; the intermediate-quality Vedoma; and the chivi, which rubs heavily.
In Ivory Coast, UNIWAX is still active. The plant also produces lower quality “printing”.
In Niger, there is the company ENITEX that was in its beginnings called Sonitextile.
In Senegal, the two main wax companies are SOTIBA and SIMPAFRIC.
In Togo, his business was initially the work of a few families, who enriched themores in this way. The most prominent women in this trade were nicknamed “Nanas Benz”, in reference to the German cars they liked to offer.
And what are wax fabrics for? Enter our store and discover the products that can be made with African fabric.